Bolton: US is open to Kosovo land swap
The United States would be agreeable to a territorial exchange between Kosovo and Serbia as part of a deal to normalise relations between the two former wartime enemies, US National Security Adviser John Bolton announced on Friday.
The Trump administration’s position puts it at odds with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who last week stated her opposition to any changes to Balkan borders.
This puts the Trump administration at odds with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who previously stated her opposition to any territorial changes on the Balkan Peninsula.
Western powers have long rejected changes to borders in the Balkans, believing they would unleash demands from other nations for boundaries to be redrawn and could reignite the ethnic violence that consumed the region in the 1990s.
Western powers have long been opposed to changing borders of Balkan states, believing this would promote similar demands from other nations and reignite interethnic conflict that engulfed the region in the 1990s.
But officials from Kosovo and Serbia have floated the idea of a land swap in recent weeks, suggesting it could unlock a final settlement between the two sides. Kosovo, whose population is mainly ethnic Albanian, declared independence in 2008 but Belgrade regards the territory as a rebel province.
Yet Kosovar and Serbian officials have discussed a possible land swap in recent weeks, suggesting it could unlock a final settlement between the two sides. Kosovo, an Albanian-dominated territory, declared independence in 2008 but Belgrade regards the territory as a rebel province.
The most often-discussed land swap would see part of northern Kosovo recognized as part of Serbia while the Preševo Valley area of southern Serbia would become part of Kosovo.
The most frequently discussed land swap would involve a Serb-dominated part of northern Kosovo returned under Belgrade’s role, while the Preševo Valley area of southern Serbia would become part of Kosovo.
“I think there are new signs that both governments very quietly may be willing to negotiate on this,” Bolton said at a press conference Kiev, Ukraine, Radio Free Europe reported. “Our policy, the U.S. policy, is that if the two parties can work it out between themselves and reach agreement, we don’t exclude territorial adjustments. It’s really not for us to say.
“We would not stand in the way, and I don’t think anybody in Europe would stand in the way if the two parties to the dispute reached a mutually satisfactory settlement,” Bolton said.
Since talk of a land swap surfaced, EU officials have avoided taking a position on the issue. But Merkel’s remarks made clear that the bloc’s most powerful nation, which takes a leading diplomatic role in the Balkans, does not want the EU to endorse the idea.
Since the question of a land swap has been raised, EU officials have generally refrained from taking a stance on this issue. But Merkel’s comments show that the bloc’s most powerful nation, which takes a leading diplomatic role in the Balkans, does not support the idea.